Speaking of man-made disasters, they imply oil spills, nuclear accidents, major incidents in factories. All of them had consequences for the local population and the environment.
Nuclear and Atomic Accidents
Nuclear energy remains the most dangerous in disasters and catastrophes. Accidents at such facilities are estimated on a seven-point scale.
Chernobyl disaster (Ukraine)
The largest today is the catastrophe at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which occurred in 1986. During the explosion at the station, the fourth reactor was completely destroyed. The fire lasted two weeks, it could not be extinguished. The catastrophe at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant shocked the whole world with its scale.
Radioactive substances thrown into the air, led to the death of 56 thousand people. Belarus, the west of Russia and the north of Ukraine were the most contaminated.
The most recent terrible nuclear disaster is the accident that occurred in 2011 in Japan at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. This happened after a nine-magnitude earthquake. The element caused the death of more than 25 thousand people. But its main consequence is the radiation threat of a global scale, connected with the damage to the reactor at the nuclear power plant.
NPP Three Mile Island (USA)
In America’s history, the worst accident is an accident in the state of Pennsylvania in 1979. This happened at the Three Mile Island NPP. Due to the unworked cooling system, partial melting of some reactor elements occurred.
The largest state of emergency in enterprises
The terrible incidents that have gone down in history have also occurred in enterprises, which we will discuss in more detail. Let’s home nothing similar happens again after the raise of play without deposit online, those offers are so great, they can be distracting.
Chemical plant “Mayak” (Chelyabinsk-40, Russia)
In 1959, at a chemical combine in the closed city of Chelyabinsk-40, a serious technogenic accident occurred, which was declassified only after 1999.
Exploding to a height of up to 2 kilometers were raised radioactive substances, which settled, polluting the territory, equal to 23 thousand square meters. km.
Medical Clinic (Goiania, Brazil)
The tragedy occurred in 1987. The medical clinic in the Brazilian city of Goiânia no longer operated. From this abandoned clinic several people stole the container where the radioactive powder was.
The landfill owner who bought this container from looters demonstrated the luminous powder in it to his acquaintances. The territory near the city turned out to be infected, and it will be possible to live on it again only after 300 years.
Largest oil spills
More than a hundred states faced the problem of oil spills, which had significant environmental consequences, comparable to nuclear explosions.
The explosion of the oil platform (the Gulf of Mexico)
Drilling platform Deepwater Horizon became known to the whole world in 2010 after it happened an explosion, as a result of which for three and a half months crude oil flowed into the waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Thus, 670 thousand tons of oil fell into the water.
The collapse of the tanker tanker (the coast of Brittany)
In 1978, off the coast of Brittany, there was a massive oil spill, the cause of which was the collapse of the tanker Amoco Cadiz. In the sea, 23 thousand crude oil poured out. The French coast was contaminated for two hundred miles.
Oil spill in the Persian Gulf
The largest oil spill occurred not because of the explosion, but was organized by a man. Speech about the spill in the Persian Gulf. During the war in 1990, Iraqi troops retreated, opened the valves of oil terminals.
Because of the conduct of hostilities, to fight the consequences of this disaster began late: 600 km of coasts have already been contaminated. A thousand square kilometers of the surface of the bay was covered with oil.
The most terrible technogenic catastrophe in the history of mankind
The most terrible technogenic catastrophe in history is an explosion at a chemical plant in the Indian city of Bhopal. The tragedy occurred in early December 1984.
As a result of the catastrophe, approximately 20,000 people were killed, and up to 600,000 people were injured. The water and the territory of the city and its surroundings remain infected to this day. There were other terrible events in the history, but not everyone is to blame. Sometimes grandiose destruction and mass sacrifices took place at the will of nature. On the site uznayvse.ru there is an article about the most terrible events of the XX century.